To qualify for USDA “organic” label, coffee farms must be certified, and must meet certain standards, including:
- No synthesized pesticides or any prohibited chemical substance have been used for the past 3 years.
- Natural pest control and prevention methods must be used.
- Use sustainable crop rotation to prevent nutrient loss in soil.
- Pass inspections and lab testing before it is made available for commercial use in the U.S.
- No GMO coffee beans used.
There are other requirements on how the beans and ready-to-use products should be processed and packaged.